Susan Buckley, RN, Director, Public Health
Ira Singh, MPH, Deputy Director
Donald I. Baird, MD, Health Officer
Division of Environmental Health
PRESS RELEASEDate Released: 8/29/2006
Subject: BLUE GREEN ALGAE / SWIMMER’S ITCH
Contact: Harriet Hill, Registered Environmental Health Specialist, Environmental Health Division
Phone: (707) 445-6215
BLUE GREEN ALGAE
The Humboldt County Department of Health and Human Services is notifying recreational users of the South Fork Eel River and other fresh water bodies to take precautions to avoid contact with blue green algae. In 2002 three dog deaths occurred after the animals swam in areas of stagnant water with significant growths of blue green algae. At least two of these deaths were most likely caused by the ingestion of blue green algal toxins.
Blue green algae “blooms” or large build-ups of algae can be triggered by low river flows and high nutrient levels in the summer and fall. When algae cells die or are damaged, toxins may be released at levels dangerous to pets and livestock if they drink the water or eat the algae. (Dogs may ingest algae when licking their fur after swimming). Human impacts are infrequent because people usually avoid ingesting algae or swimming in areas of algae blooms. However, swimmers or boaters elsewhere have experienced skin irritation, gastrointestinal disorders and allergic respiratory reactions from blue green algae contact.
The Department of Health and Human Services recommends the following guidelines for recreational users of all freshwater areas:
1. Keep pets, especially dogs, out of areas containing visible concentrations of algae and do not allow them to drink river water.
2. Avoid swimming or wading in areas with visible concentrations of algae.
3. Supervise children at all times.
4. Do not drink or cook with river, creek, or lagoon water.
5. Swimmers should shower and pets rinsed with tap water immediately after bathing.
6. Fish may be consumed after removing guts and liver, and rinsing fillets in tap water.
7. Ranchers should not allow livestock to drink water from contaminated rivers or streams.
Pets and other animals that swim in or drink river water are most likely to be affected by blue-green algae toxins. Although there have been no reports of human illness in Humboldt County, people could be affected by the toxins. Pets and other animals that swim in or drink river water are most likely to be affected by blue green algae toxins. However, following the above precautions to avoid direct contact with algae should prevent an illness or any adverse reaction.
Swimmer’s Itch (schistosome dermatitis) is a common hazard for bathers during the warm summer months in some of the lakes and slow moving streams in Humboldt County.
Swimmer’s Itch occurs when a small parasite burrows under the skin of bathers. The parasite cannot survive in humans and does not infect us. The symptoms, which include tingling skin, moderate to severe itching, and small bumps or eruptions, usually reach maximum intensity after 2-3 days, after which the symptoms subside on their own. There are no long-term effects from Swimmer’s Itch. Sufferers may get relief from oral antihistamines or topical salves or ointments.
To avoid Swimmer’s Itch, swimmers in suspect waters should leave the water every ten minutes and vigorously towel dry. This will help remove the parasites before they burrow into the skin.
Please contact the Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Environmental Health, at (707) 445-6215 or 1-800-963-9241 for further information on blue green algae or swimmer’s itch. In Mendocino County, please contact the Mendocino County Health Division of Environmental Health at (707) 463-4466. If you have questions about treatment, call your doctor.
Fact sheets on blue green algae including information for veterinary workers are available at either county office. For further information concerning animal health, please contact the State Animal Health Branch at (707) 826-1658.
For additional information on Blue Green Algae including measures to protect drinking water systems, the California Department of Health Services has established a website at http://www.dhs.gove/bga.